In the last century, the east coast of the United States has moved about 8 ft. The fossils of sea and coastal creatures can still be found in the Himalayas, as it was once two coast lines that merged together.
It is noted to be one of the youngest mountain ranges on planet earth. The formation of the Himalayas is as a result of a series of processes that led to the collision of Asia with India alongside the convergent plate boundary hence the Himalayas.
The Himalayas was formed due to strong movements by the earth that affected the indo- Australian plate and the Eurasian plate.
There was a line in the beginning of the continental collision during the early cretaceous period that led to the separation of the indo- Australian plate and the Eurasian plate. Consequently, the movement of the two plates led to the development of the Himalayan range.
The movements made by the earth facilitated for the rise of the deposits that had been laid in the superficial Tethys Sea. The Tethys Sea is the current location of the Himalayas Mountains. The Himalayas has continued to undergo constant changes and developments as a result of the occurrence of earthquakes Singh, The Formation of the Himalayas The Himalayas are generally known to be the young fold mountains.
Although they formed many millions of years ago, they are relatively new compared to other mountains such as the Appalachian in the United States and the Aravallis in India.
They are also referred to as the Fold Mountains owing to the fact that they extend for about two thousand five hundred kilometers in length in series of parallel folds or ridges Robinson, The Himalayas are also comprised of four distinctive ranges i.
Each of the ranges in the Himalayas is distinct due to the reason that they have diverse geological histories. The histories are based on issues such as the geologic time and place where the great plates that make up the crust of the earth collided and when and where the ranges were elevated Science Jrank, The formation of the Himalayan Mountains formation of himalayas essay help been attributed to varied movements including block movements as well as the formation of the Alpine Himalayan Tethyan geosynclines and the convergence of the Eurasian and Indian plates.
The block movements consider the role of horizontal translations on low angle thrusts. The formation of the Himalayas Mountains is associated with the theory of Continental Drift that was developed by Alfred Wegener. However, there are several theories that have been geologically accepted to illustrate the formation of the Himalayas.
The Continental drift theory points out that the earth is made up of a number of giant plates known as the tectonic plates. According to a number of accepted geological theories, there was once an island continent that was known as the Gondwanaland which India was part of.
Gondwanaland was separated by the primordial Tethyan Ocean from the Eurasian continent.
The mountains were affected by erosion forces and the residues of the erosion process were set down in the Tethyan Ocean. The first step to the formation of the Himalayas is the occurrence of a collision between Gondwana plate and the Angara plate.
The collision resulted to the rise of the seabed to form longitudinal valleys and ridges. In about two hundred and fifty million years ago, the land on earth was made up of one large continent referred to as the Pangea.
Pangea was surrounded by a large ocean. However, there was an extensive stretch of the sea along the longitudinal area approximately fifty million years later.
Around the Middle Permian Period, the Pangea begun to split away into varied land masses. The split of the super continent or Pangea occurred in different directions and an extensive part of the Tethys Sea was stretched along the longitudinal area.
It is the longitudinal area that is being currently occupied by the Himalayas. The extensive sea was the Tethys and the Pangea gradually drifting away to form the various land masses since the splitting plates moved in different directions Robinson, The split of the Pangea contributed to the occurrence of erosion and weathering activities.
This is due to the reason that after the split, rivers were able to transport large quantities of sediments that would be deposited to the shallow Tethys Sea. The rivers that were from the Angara or the northern Eurasian land mass as well as those from Gondwanaland or the southern Indian land mass began to deposit large quantities of sediments into the shallow sea of Tethys.
|How the Himalayas Were Formed||The formation of the Himalayas resulted in the lighter rock of the seabeds of thatHimalayas — Students Britannica Kids Homework…The highest mountain range on Earth, the Himalayas form the northern border of the Indian subcontinent in Asia.|
During this time, there were some marine animals known as the ammonites living in the sea. The Eurasian and the Indian plates continued to move closer and closer to each other at a rate of about fifteen centimeters in a year or six inches in a year Singh, The Indian plate pushed towards the Eurasian plate in a relentless manner in that it caused the Tethys Trench to be compressed, to get folded and faulted.
Beneath the trench, there were weak sedimentary rocks. The colliding of the two plates caused the sedimentary rocks to break hence allowing the granite and the basalt to infringe upward from the underlying mantle of the earth.
The new materials were both hard and fresh. The encounter by the Tethys trench and the Indian plate led to the plate being sheared under or in other words, the plate was subducted under the trench. The trench however was forced to rise up or elevate because the subducted plate and compressive forces were pushing it leading to the water draining away.
By and large, the Tethys Sea was completely locked by the Indo Australian plate due to the occurrence of geological process such as erosion and weathering resulting to the formation of sediments. The sediments did not sink as they should but rather rose upwards leading to the formation of the Himalaya Science Jrank, On the other hand, the water was drained away by the elevation of the Tethys range causing the bed of the ocean to be flat.First, the high Himalayas are called, “The Sentry of India”.
They are so high that no enemy could invade India by crossing them.
So they are like a natural wall which separates Indian from Tibet, Sherpa Tensing, and Indian citizen was the first person to conquer the highest mountain peak of the world Mount Everest. The Himalayas are the body and soul of India. In a very special measure, the Himalayas constitute India’s national mountain system.
The following few points will bring out the significance of the Himalayan Mountains to India. Formation Of Himalayas Essay Help. How the Himalayas Were Formed – Today I Found 4 Dec Today I found out how the Himalayas formed.
The Himalayas, which stretch some 2, kilometres between India, Pakistan, China, and Nepal, Himalayas – Simple English Wikipedia, the free The Himalayas are a mountain range in South .
Plate tectonics explain the formation of mountains by mountain chains may form where plates move together. As plates move apart, magma may rise to the surface, forming a volcano. The Himalayas, which stretch some 2, kilometres between India, Pakistan, China, and Nepal, is the world’s tallest mountain range.
In addition to Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain by peak elevation standing at 8, meters tall, the range also features several other mountain peaks over 8, meters. The Himalayas has played the important role of a foster mother for the Indians. The Himalayan mountain ranges stand like a mighty wall and protect India from foreign invasion.
The Himalayas act as a mighty climatic division. The moisture laden south-west monsoon winds are obstructed by the Himalayas.