Family Life in India: An Epitome of Culture and Tradition Family life in India is different from that in the western world.
These scholars  claim that both the sex ratio at birth and the population sex ratio are remarkably constant in human populations.
Significant deviations in birth sex ratios from the normal range can only be explained by manipulation, that is sex-selective abortion. Sen pointed to research that had shown that if men and women receive similar nutritional and medical attention and good health care then females have better survival rates, and it is the male which is the genetically fragile sex.
India's Son Preference Leads to High Sex Ratio[ edit ] There is a strong son preference in India and this leads to a high sex ratio prioritizing male lives over female lives.
Most families find greater utility in having a son so the curves are higher up on the y axis. When having a female becomes more expensive due to dowry prices, lack of financial return in the future, educational and health expenses then the budget curve has to swing inward on the x axis.
Even though the budget stays the same, it is relatively more expensive to have a girl than to have a boy.
The substitution effect shows that people move from point A on the first indifference curve to point B on the second indifference curve. They move from an already low number of females due to social reasons to even fewer daughters than before due to the added financial liability of daughters being more expensive.
The number of males grows and the contrasting increase and decrease in quantities results in a high sex ratio. This is based on the unitary model of the household where the household is seen as a single decision making entity under the same budget constraint.
This is not to say that all households follow this model, but enough of them do that it results in a high sex ratio. The data suggests the existence of high sex ratios before and after the arrival of ultrasound-based prenatal care and sex screening technologies in India. Female foeticide has been linked to the arrival, in the early s, of affordable ultrasound technology and its widespread adoption in India.
Obstetric ultrasonographyeither transvaginally or transabdominally, checks for various markers of fetal sex. It can be performed at or after week 12 of pregnancy. Ultrasound sex discernment technologies were first introduced in major cities of India in s, its use expanded in India's urban regions in s, and became widespread in s.
One group estimates more than 10 million female foetuses may have been illegally aborted in India since s, andgirls were being lost annually due to female foeticide.
Culture is favored by some researchers,  while some favor disparate gender-biased access to resources. Generally, male babies were preferred because they provided manual labor and success the family lineage. The selective abortion of female fetuses is most common in areas where cultural norms value male children over female children for a variety of social and economic reasons.
Female foeticide then, is a continuation in a different form, of a practice of female infanticide or withholding of postnatal health care for girls in certain households. As MacPherson notes, there can be significant differences in gender violence and access to food, healthcare, immunizations between male and female children.
This leads to high infant and childhood mortality among girls, which causes changes in sex ratio. Specifically, poorer families are sometimes forced to ration food, with daughters typically receiving less priority than sons Klasen and Wink However, globally, resources are not always allocated equitably.
Thus, some scholars argue that disparities in access to resources such as healthcare, education, and nutrition play at least a small role in the high sex ratios seen in some parts of the world.
In India, previous research has found that women leaders ' invest in public goods that are more in line with female preferences, in particular water infrastructure, which leads to a reduction in time spent on domestic chores by adolescent girls.
The majority of men do not find any benefit from these goods and are less likely to invest in them. In Rajasthan, where women complain more often about drinking water, women politicians invest more in water and less in roads.
It is often found in "socially stratified, monogamous societies that are economically complex and where women have a relatively small productive role". The outcome is pareto optimal and reaches equilibrium when no one can be better off with any other partner or choosing not to marry.Watch breaking news videos, viral videos and original video clips on ph-vs.com The culture of a joint family system still prevails in major parts of India.
Even in case of the newly developed concept of a nuclear family, the very idea of members living together exists. The essence of togetherness prevails, even if the family members do not share the same roof. Backpacking India?
I've spent two and a half years in India and this eclectic, incredible, frustrating, beautiful and surprising country is a backpacker rite of passage.
Get tips and tricks on where to stay, what to see, how to get around and where to trek. Our guide has itineraries and maps!
Female foeticide in India is the abortion of a female foetus outside of legal methods.. The frequency of female foeticide in India is increasing day by ph-vs.com natural ratio is assumed to be between and , and any number above it is considered as suggestive of female foeticide.
According to the decennial Indian census, the sex ratio in the 0 to 6 age group in India has risen from Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. The Future of Joint Family System in India! Acknowledging the impact of various forces stemming from the economic growth, Kapadia concludes that despite the clashes between different generations there is a strong feeling for the joint family in the generations that is coming up.