Additional Reading Who Was Buddha? Buddha is not a name, but a title. A buddha is one who is freed from the fog. This was a man originally named Siddhartha Gautama who lived in what is now northern India and Nepal about twenty-five centuries ago.
Spreading from India to Central and Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan, Buddhism has played a central role in the spiritual, cultural, and… General considerations The clan name of the historical figure referred to as the Buddha whose life is known largely through legend was Gautama in Sanskrit or Gotama in Paliand his given name was Siddhartha Sanskrit: The events of his life set forth in these texts cannot be regarded with confidence as historical, although his historical existence is accepted by scholars.
He is said to have lived for 80 years, but there is considerable uncertainty concerning the date of his death. Scholarship in the 20th century limited this range considerably, with opinion generally Learning about the buddha s life is between those who placed his death about bce and those who placed it as much as a century later.
Historical context The Buddha was born in Lumbini Rummin-deinear Kapilavastu Kapilbastu on the northern edge of the Ganges River basin, an area on the periphery of the civilization of North India, in what is today southern Nepal. Scholars speculate that during the late Vedic period the peoples of the region were organized into tribal republics, ruled by a council of elders or an elected leader; the grand palaces described in the traditional accounts of the life of the Buddha are not evident among the archaeological remains.
The central Ganges basin was organized into some 16 city-states, ruled by kings, often at war with each other.
The rise of these cities of central India, with their courts and their commerce, brought social, political, and economic changes that are often identified as key factors in the rise of Buddhism and other religious movements of the 6th and 5th centuries bce.
Buddhist texts identify a variety of itinerant teachers who attracted groups of disciples. Some of these taught forms of meditationYogaand asceticism and set forth philosophical views, focusing often on the nature of the person and the question of whether human actions karma have future effects.
Although the Buddha would become one of these teachers, Buddhists view him as quite different from the others. His place within the tradition, therefore, cannot be understood by focusing exclusively on the events of his life and times even to the extent that they are available.
Instead, he must be viewed within the context of Buddhist theories of time and history. According to Buddhist doctrine, the universe is the product of karma, the law of the cause and effect of actions, according to which virtuous actions create pleasure in the future and nonvirtuous actions create pain.
The beings of the universe are reborn without beginning in six realms: The actions of these beings create not only their individual experiences but the domains in which they dwell.
The means of escape remains unknown until, over the course of millions of lifetimes, a person perfects himself, ultimately gaining the power to discover the path out of samsara and then compassionately revealing that path to the world.
A person who has set out on the long journey to discover the path to freedom from suffering, and then to teach it to others, is called a bodhisattva. A person who has discovered that path, followed it to its end, and taught it to the world is called a buddha. Because buddhas appear so rarely over the course of time and because only they reveal the path to liberation moksha from suffering dukkhathe appearance of a buddha in the world is considered a momentous event in the history of the universe.
The story of a particular buddha begins before his birth and extends beyond his death. It encompasses the millions of lives spent on the bodhisattva path before the achievement of buddhahood and the persistence of the buddha, in the form of both his teachings and his relics, after he has passed into nirvana.
The historical Buddha is regarded as neither the first nor the last buddha to appear in the world. According to some traditions he is the 7th buddha; according to another he is the 25th; according to yet another he is the 4th.
The traditional accounts of the events in the life of the Buddha must be considered from this perspective. Sources of the life of the Buddha Accounts of the life of the Buddha appear in many forms. Perhaps the earliest are those found in the collections of sutras Pali: In the sutras, the Buddha recounts individual events in his life that occurred from the time that he renounced his life as a prince until he achieved enlightenment six years later.
Several accounts of his enlightenment also appear in the sutras. While the sutras focus on the person of the Buddha his previous lives, his practice of austerities, his enlightenment, and his passage into nirvanathe vinaya literature tends to emphasize his career as a teacher and the conversion of his early disciples.
Near the beginning of the Common Era, independent accounts of the life of the Buddha were composed. They do not recount his life from birth to death, often ending with his triumphant return to his native city of Kapilavastu Pali: Kapilavatthuwhich is said to have taken place either one year or six years after his enlightenment.
These accounts typically make frequent reference to events from the previous lives of the Buddha. Here, an event reminds the Buddha of an event in a past life. He relates that story in order to illustrate a moral maxim, and, returning to the present, he identifies various members of his audience as the present incarnations of characters in his past-life tale, with himself as the main character.
The Jataka stories one Pali collection contains of them have remained among the most popular forms of Buddhist literature. They are the source of some 32 stone carvings at the 2nd-century bce stupa at Bharhut in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state; 15 stupa carvings depict the last life of the Buddha.
Indeed, stone carvings in India provide an important source for identifying which events in the lives of the Buddha were considered most important by the community. Lives of the Buddha that trace events from his birth to his death appeared in the 2nd century ce.Life of Gautam Buddha has been learning experience for many people in centuries.
He was a enlightened being and a great philosopher.
You can learn many useful things in life through his sayings. Buddhism is an Indian religion attributed to the teachings of the Buddha, supposedly born Siddhārtha Gautama, and also known as the Tathagata ("thus-gone") and Sakyamuni ("sage of the Sakyas"). The details of Buddha's life are mentioned in many Early Buddhist Texts but are inconsistent, and his social background and life details are difficult to prove, the precise dates uncertain.
There are several fundamental Buddha teachings that can help us to lead a life that is of value to ourselves and others. Following these teaching can free us from suffering and help us to embrace our true purpose here on earth.
“Buddha” means “one who is awake.” The Buddha who lived 2, years ago was not a god. He was an ordinary person, named Siddhartha Gautama, whose profound insights inspired the world.
Why are we here? What is the meaning of life? How can we feel happy and free? The answers to these and other life questions are gathered in Tiny Buddha, Simple Wisdom for Life's Hard Questions..
Tiny Buddha began as a quoteaday Twitter account, @tinybuddha, in Buddha (c. s B.C.E.) The historical Buddha, also known as Gotama Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, and Buddha Śākyamuni, was born in Lumbini, in the Nepalese region of Terai, near the Indian border.