Another variation on the social-constructionist approach is a political theory of childhood, which views children as a minority group. Within this perspective, children are viewed as people who are afforded little status in society but who are capable of becoming the agents of their own destiny. Within this framework, the physical and cognitive characteristics of childhood are subsumed within an approach which questions a key political function of the ideology of childhood, that which denies a voice to the child. Cultural Theories of Childhood Considerations of age and physical maturity are not the only factors by which childhood has been characterized.
In the main, children live within a family setting and their needs are addressed through a range of formal and informal welfare provisions. Modern childhood is undergoing considerable social and economic change, and children in the 21st century live increasingly complex lives in a range of diverse family settings.
Policies seek to respond to social and demographic change, but changing ideologies and constructions of childhood will also affect how governments formulate policies and provide services. Policymakers increasingly recognize that children are social actors and bearers of rights, and, alongside this development, some countries register a growing commitment toward some elements of participation of children and young people in the policymaking process.
General Overviews The topic of children and social policy has been explored in many different ways. Historically, children have tended to be hidden within the family and rarely seen as individuals in their own right.
Since the late 20th century a change has occurred in the ways in which children have been understood and conceptualized within policy. This trend has included, in part, a significant theoretical contribution toward our understanding of contemporary childhood from the new sociology of childhood, which positions children as active social agents with their own needs and concerns.
This approach informs many of the general texts, including Qvortrup, et al. Informed by impact of social class and socioeconomic structures on childhood, the authors take a more critical stance in relation to insights from the new sociology of childhood.
Prout provides a valuable critical review of the governance of childhood at the turn of the 21st century, highlighting key tensions in the recognition of rights and agency and the increasing institutional control of childhood through policy and practice.
Both Wells and Montgomery and Kellet engage with the shaping of childhood and policy and practice on a local and a global level. Children, Welfare and the State.
Notes the tensions inherent in welfare discourse in relation to how children are to be conceptualized. James, Alison, and Adrian L. Theory, Policy, Social Practice.
The authors argue that how social policies for children are shaped is informed by particular discourses of childhood, ideological stances, and responses to social events, which can combine to create very particular constructions of childhood. Montgomery, Heather, and Mary Kellet.
Developing Frameworks for Integrated Practice. Linking the local and the global, the authors engage with a wide range of welfare issues and practices.
Social Theory, Practice and Politics. This is a key tension inherent in much policy formulation, especially with regard to policies of social investment.
Childhood in a Global Perspective. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.
For more information or to contact an Oxford Sales Representative click here.Discourses of childhood have been evolving all the time since the development of the concept of “childhood”, which demonstrate the increasing importance of children as perceived by the public.
This essay aims to discuss the relationship between historical discourses of childhood and people’s perception about childhood and recent child-related issues. Theories of childhood are concerned with what a child is, the nature of childhood, the purpose or function of childhood, and how the notion of the child or childhood is used in society.
The concept of childhood, like any invention, was forged from a potent relationship between ideas and technologies within a frame of social, political, and. childhood: theory, research and policy Martin Woodhead discourses of the young child. This paper reviews four core perspectives that have Finally, the relationships between research and policy are rarely linear - of research informing policy, or vice versa.
Research and . This article situates contemporary issues in early childhood teacher education within the historical context of the kindergarten movement in the U.S. Focus is given to the following themes: (a) the relationship between legitimization via degree program and maintaining a unique early childhood identity, and (b) the relationship between .
Discourses of childhood have been evolving all the time since the development of the concept of “childhood”, which demonstrate the increasing importance of children as . CHILDHOOD: History and Critique (CHC) is a series of interviews, commentary, and happenings in historical studies of childhood presented by Dr.
Patrick J. Ryan, Kings University College at Western University, Canada.