Add your rating What's the story? Vivacious small-town girl Trudy Kockenlocker Betty Hutton wants to go out and join the frantic dancing and drinking with young servicemen on their way to the war, but is kept a virtual prisoner at home by her protective, widowed father William Demerestthe local cop.
University of Nebraska Press, Osburn follows the history of the Mississippi Choctaws from the Antebellum era to the "Choctaw Miracle" of the s, when this small community emerged from poverty and built thriving businesses in plastics and direct-marketing.
Divided into eight chapters, Choctaw Resurgence offers a careful reconstruction of Choctaw agency. Osburn writes often about Choctaw strategies that were employed or deployed in the interest of preserving and furthering self-determination. Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, she explains, the Choctaws "laid the foundations of the political rhetoric and strategies that they would employ" for the next century 9.
They marketed crafts to "bolster their ethnicity" 22pursued a "strategy" of separatism from black Mississippians in the face of Klan violence 28and "marked their ethnicity" every Sunday by wearing traditional clothing Even education became a tool to reinforce their identity 33, Other Indians in the South pursued similar strategies, but arguably no people have had quite as much success as the Mississippi Choctaws.
As a result of their hundred-year battle, this formerly isolated and impoverished group, reduced to some five hundred individuals by the s 88was able to maintain its indigenous identity, make successful demands on the federal government, and become one of the economic powerhouses in modern-day Mississippi.
Along the way, they faced the nearly impossible challenges of pleasing segregationist whites, asserting their own distinctiveness, and keeping black Mississippians at a distance. Photograph by Geographicus Rare Antique Maps. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. Photograph by Mark Raymond Harrington.
Choctaw history is packed with ironies and reads sometimes like an "only in America" tale. In their view, both groups were southerners with a mystical connection to the land; both had fought for a glorious cause against the despotic federal government; and both were noble in defeat.
Moreover, white politicians realized that by supporting Choctaw sovereignty there was federal pork to be had. Later, Theodore Bilbo would also take up the Choctaw cause in Washington.
The lobbying bore fruit. Inthe federal government subsidized the construction of the only hospital in all of Nashoba County. Located in Philadelphia, Mississippithe hospital was reserved exclusively for Indians. Meanwhile, the Choctaws found themselves embracing segregation and scientific racism in order to protect their distinct position in Jim Crow Mississippi.
As the Choctaws improved their standing with the BIA, tension increased between their desire for self-determination and their desire for federal aid, two goals that turned out not to be mutually exclusive.
That is, they were able to leverage one federal agency against another and extract themselves from the heavy hand of BIA officials.
By wisely investing federal funds, they launched the "Choctaw Miracle. This nation of 10, people employs nearly 6, individuals full time, making it one of the ten largest employers in Mississippi. They operate hi-tech firms specializing in robotics, calibration, and metrology, run an office supply company, and own a business park that is home to firms producing equipment for unmanned aircraft and military vehicles.
Because of the various sovereign rights that Great Society Democrats and others recognized in Indian country, Choctaws were able to create a pro-business environment, even marketing the reservation as a shelter from lawsuits Group of Choctaw men, a young woman and a young girl posed outdoorsprobably at a stick ball game, Neshoba County and Scott County, Mississippi, Photograph of Beaver Dam Team.
There is so much employing and deploying of strategies to further national interests that the Choctaws begin to resemble an improbably successful team of policy analysts and political scientists. Racism is insidious, however, and it seems unlikely that any population in North America—and most especially in the US South—can live outside it or wield it as a strategic tool, to be taken up when useful, laid aside when not.
Carefully researched and clearly written, Choctaw Resurgence in Mississippi is a welcome and much-needed investigation into the unlikely survival and surprising success of this remarkable indigenous community.
His works include West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of New York: Norton, and Black, White, and Indian: Race and the Unmaking of an American Family Oxford: Oxford University Press, University of Oklahoma Press, ★ Book Miracle In Philadelphia ★ Urine Pregnancy Competency Questions Pregnancy Symptoms Right After Period Book Miracle In Philadelphia Lisa Pregnancy Miracle Book Reviews Urine Pregnancy Competency Questions The calendars that I have seen are not true calendars, they can be weekly article.
Drinker, Catherine Bowen.
Miracle at Philadelphia: The Constitutional Congress. New York: Book-Of-The-Month Club, Inc., Catherine Drinker Bowen is the author of many historical, non-fiction, in-depth looks at different events and the personalities and tribulations that forged them.
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My 9 year old daughter Grace is a miracle. She was born 16 weeks early and weighed only 1lb and 6oz. The Miracle at Philadelphia Study Guide contains a comprehensive summary and analysis of Miracle at Philadelphia by Catherine Drinker Bowen.
It includes a detailed Plot Summary, Chapter Summaries & Analysis, Character Descriptions, Objects/Places, Themes, Styles, Quotes, and Topics for Discussion on Miracle at Philadelphia.