The history and importance of the greek cities of athens and sparta

Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts and has not left us any written masterpiece. It was though the city that stayed in history due to the bravery of its citizens, and its immense role in the Persian Wars.

The history and importance of the greek cities of athens and sparta

Overview Greek city-states developed different forms of governance with very different political structures and strengths.

Greek colonization led to the spread of the Greek language and Greek culture, but it also resulted in tensions with the neighboring Persian empire, culminating in the Persian Wars. Athens developed democratic institutions and a culture of philosophy, science, and culture; it emerged as a powerful state and allied with other city-states, forming the Delian League.

The rise of the polis The territory of Greece is mountainous; as a result, ancient Greece consisted of many smaller regions, each with its own dialect, cultural peculiarities, and identity. Regionalism and regional conflicts were a prominent feature of ancient Greece. Cities tended to be located in valleys between mountains or on coastal plains and dominated the countryside around them.

According to the legendary poet Homer, whose historical authenticity is debated, around BCE, the Mycenaeans were involved in a conflict with the city of Troy in Anatolia, called the Trojan war. At that time, writing seemed to have disappeared, and life in the Greek peninsula and Greek islands was characterized by conflict and instability.

A map of Greece showing the Aegean, Cretan, and Adriatic seas. Various ancient Greek city-states are depicted in bright colors. The map shows some of the many city-states and includes the places that various characters from The Iliad and The Odyssey are supposed to have come from.

This map shows some of the many city-states of ancient Greece and includes the places that various characters from The Iliad and the Odyssey are supposed to have come from. WikipediaCreative Commons 3. Without a powerful, centralized state, smaller governing bodies created political order.

One such type of governing body was the city-state or polis. Initially, the term polis referred to a fortified area or citadel which offered protection during times of war.

Because of the relative safety these structures afforded, people flocked to them and set up communities and commercial centers. Over time, poleis—the plural of polis—became urban centers whose power and influence extended to the surrounding agricultural regions, which provided resources and paid taxes.

By around BCE, there were many poleis which functioned independently.

The history and importance of the greek cities of athens and sparta

In response to their own specific contexts, each city-state created a different form of governance, ranging from monarchies and oligarchies to militaristic societies and proto-democracies. Monarchies were sometimes ruled by a tyrant—a ruler who did not follow any set laws.

Oligarchies were small groups of powerful individuals who ran city-state government. Oligarchs and tyrants often competed for power. Democracies were governments that allowed citizens to vote on and participate in making state decisions.

Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states.While the ruins of Sparta may not be as impressive as Athens, Olympia or a number of other Greek sites, the stories and legend of the Spartans lives on.

And modern-day people, whether watching a. Sep 21,  · Mr. Drake goes over the two most important Greek city states, Athens and Sparta, and discussed their governments and geography.

The conflict between Athens and Sparta is not just a series of historical events, but also a bloody good story. Not just that, it was the archetype of conflict and war and the lens through which Western historians would view any future conflict.

The Importance of Athens in Greek History, Chapter 1 & 2 A Day in Old Athens, by William Stearns Davis () Professor of Ancient History They lived in many "city-states" of more or less importance, and some of the largest of these contributed very little directly to our civilization.

Sparta, for example, has left us some noble lessons. The Ancient Greek City of Sparta was the greatest military power in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history.

The history and importance of the greek cities of athens and sparta

Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts and has not left us any written masterpiece. The Ancient Greek City of Sparta was the greatest military power in ancient Greece and played a significant role in history. Ancient Sparta was not as sophisticated as Athens, did not create arts and crafts and has not left us any written masterpiece.

Sparta - HISTORY