In order to finish brushing up on your punctuation, this lesson contains tips about additional punctuation marks that are often used incorrectly in business writing.
September 22, Understanding Dashes and Hyphens Do you know the difference between a dash and a hyphen? Do you recognize where to use en dashes and em dashes? If you do, then pass this post on to someone else.
Or read it to be sure of your knowledge. Below you will find the essentials of hyphens and dashes. Appearance The hyphen is the baby; the en dash, the big brother or sister; and the em dash, the parent.
The em dash is the size of the letter m. How to Type It Hyphen: Just type the hyphen key on your keyboard. Insert the en dash as a symbol. In Microsoft Office, click Insert, then Symbol, then the en dash. Or use a shortcut: Reader Paul Kelly noted another easy way to insert an en dash in Microsoft Office: Type a space, a hyphen, a space, and then another word.
Your hyphen will change to an en dash unless you have changed the default settings.
If you do not want the spaces, you will need to delete them manually. Type two hyphens, and your software will likely convert them to an em dash. Spacing with en dashes and em dashes: Do not space before or after hyphens and en dashes.
Use a space before and after the em dash if you follow The Associated Press Stylebook. Use it to connect. Use a hyphen to connect two or more words to make a compound word.
The hyphen tells readers to connect the two words. It helps them instantly understand your meaning. The hyphen tells readers to connect the two words for a new idea.
The hyphen connects the two words to make the meaning "scaled-down" clear. She is a know-it-all. The words must be connected to make sense. The hyphens are not necessary to make the meaning clear. Expressions often evolve from hyphenated to closed that is, one word as readers become familiar with them.Dashes are used to separate groups of words, not to separate parts of words like a hyphen does.
There are three forms of dashes: em, en, and the double hyphen. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—). In this sentence, dashes are used because it seems informal and the clause inside the dashes needs some emphasis.
The emphasis is added in order to show that Tony could do nothing in this situation. The writer could have used parentheses, but parentheses may have been too formal for this situation. Mar 16, · Writing coach and CUNY Journalism Press editor Timothy Harper tells us how to properly use ellipses, em dashes, and parentheses.
How to use em dashes. The use of periods in people’s phone number started during the Dot Com boom of People wanted their phone numbers to look more “internety”.
By replacing the parenthesis and dashes with periods, your phone number resembles an IP address.
Sep 07, · A dash is a long line used as a punctuation symbol. It acts in a similar way to commas or brackets to separate a piece of text — like this.
Dashes do usually have spaces before and after them. Using Dashes. Dashes, when used sparingly and correctly, can be used to make your writing sound more sophisticated. Indicate sudden changes in tone or thought within a sentence. To emphasize the contradiction between ideas.
There is an illness in many foreign services--the people in them are only good at following instructions.*.