Clinical Trials What is the urinary tract and how does it work? In order for normal urination to occur, all body parts in the urinary tract need to work together in the correct order. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist.
Contact Author As long as you are alive, your body will constantly metabolize organic molecules and produce waste products. If you are unable to get rid of metabolic waste products, they will accumulate to toxic levels and poison your body.
The urinary system is very important because it performs the essential function of getting rid of these metabolic wastes. Main Structures of the Urinary System The main structures that make up the urinary system are two kidneys contains nephronstwo ureters, one bladder, one urethra, arteries and veins.
The ureter connects the kidney to the bladder. The bladder is storage for urine.
Urine is excreted to the outside of the body through the urethra. The Main Structures of the Urinary System Kidney The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located outside the peritoneum at the posterior of the upper abdomen.
The kidneys are located one on each side of the vertebral column and are protected by the ribs and a layer of fat. The renal artery, renal vein and ureter connect to the kidney at the indented media border called the hilus. Besides Urine Formation, the kidney has the following functions: Plays a major role in regulating blood volume because it controls the amount of water to be excreted and the amount of water to be reabsorbed.
Regulates electrolytes in the blood by controlling the secretion and reabsorption of sodium and potassium ions. Regulates the pH of the blood by controlling the secretion and reabsorption of hydrogen ions.
When more hydrogen ions are excreted from the blood, it renders the blood less acidic more alkaline. But if more hydrogen ions are retained in the blood, this renders the blood more acidic less alkaline.
Regulates blood pressure by regulating to amount of water excreted and the amount of water reabsorbed back into the blood.
When the kidneys excrete less water and reabsorb more water, the blood volume will increase. An increase blood volume will lead to an increase blood pressure.
On the other hand if the kidneys excrete more water and reabsorb less water, the blood volume will reduce.
Water Path Through The Urinary System Human Body. The Urinary System is a group of organs in the body concerned with filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The substances are filtered out from the body in the form of urine. Urine is a liquid produced by the kidneys, collected in the bladder and excreted through the urethra.. Urine is used to extract excess. Jan 28, · The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. It does the job of the urinary system. The primary function of the nephron is to remove waste products from Reviews: The urinary tract is the body’s drainage system for removing urine, which is composed of wastes and extra fluid. In order for normal urination to occur, all body parts in the urinary tract need to work together in the correct order.
This will lead to reduced blood pressure. Plays a role in the regulation of red blood cell production.
When the number of red blood cells decreases, the level of oxygen in the blood will also decrease. This causes the kidney to secrete a substance called erythropoietin. Erythropoietin travels to the bone marrow and causes it to produce more red blood cells. When enough red blood cells have been produced, this process is shut down via a negative feedback mechanism.
The nephron is made up of the glomerulus and a system of tubes.Path of water in the Digestive System. Tracing the path of water from the mouth to urethra involves both the digestive and renal system.
From the mouth, the water passes through the esophagus which connects to the stomach. Human urinary system: 2. Kidney, 3. Renal pelvis, 4.
Ureter, 5. Its two primary functions are to retain water in the body and vasoconstriction. Urination is the ejection of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.
In healthy humans. Start studying Pathway of Urine Flow Through the Kidneys. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Water Path Through The Urinary System Human Body.
The Urinary System is a group of organs in the body concerned with filtering out excess fluid and other substances from the bloodstream. The substances are filtered out from the body in the form of urine.
Urine is a liquid produced by the kidneys, collected in the bladder and excreted through the urethra.. Urine is used to extract excess. Trace the path of the water from the mouth to the urethra, listing the path in as much detail as possible.
Trace the path of the water from the mouth to the urethra, listing the path in as much detail The water, now urine, collects in the kidney and is sent through the ureter to the bladder, where it .
Learn about urinary system anatomy using interactive pictures supported by thorough descriptions of its function in the human body.
Explore. Urinary System Diagram Advertisement. Urination is the process of releasing urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra and out of the body. The process of urination begins when the muscles of.